The Science behind IASTM Tools: How They Work and What They Do

The Science behind IASTM Tools: How They Work and What They Do

Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) tools are becoming increasingly popular among healthcare professionals, athletes, and fitness enthusiasts. These tools are used extensively in physical therapy, chiropractic care, and sports medicine to alleviate pain and promote faster recovery times. But how do IASTM tools work, and what do they do?

IASTM tools are handheld devices made of metal or plastic that feature a variety of shapes and edges. They come in different sizes and shapes, such as bars, graston-style tools, and gua sha tools. These tools are used to apply pressure and force to the skin and underlying tissues, including muscles, tendons, and ligaments. The technique involves gliding the tools over the skin while applying varying degrees of pressure, speed, and direction.

The idea behind IASTM is to apply controlled microtrauma to the soft tissues, which trigger an inflammatory response. This inflammation stimulates the body’s natural healing processes and encourages the formation of new collagen fibers. Collagen is the main structural protein of the body that provides strength and stability to the tissues. By stimulating the production of collagen, IASTM tools aid in the regeneration and repair of damaged tissues.

Moreover, IASTM tools help break down adhesions and scar tissues that can form following an injury. Adhesions are bands of scar tissue that form between tissues and organs as a result of inflammation or trauma. They can lead to pain, stiffness, and limited range of motion. Scar tissue, on the other hand, is the result of the body’s natural healing process after an injury or surgery. While scar tissue is essential for wound healing, it can be excessive and result in limitations in movement.

IASTM tools work by breaking down these adhesions and scar tissues, allowing the tissues to move freely again. This improves the range of motion, reduces pain, and accelerates the healing process. By breaking down scar tissues, IASTM tools also help improve circulation and promote lymphatic drainage.

The effects of IASTM can be felt immediately and can last for days or even weeks, depending on the severity of the injury and the individual’s response. The technique is non-invasive, and there are no side effects or risk of infection.

IASTM can be used to treat a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions, including:

1. Soft tissue injuries such as strains, sprains, and contusions
2. Tendinitis and tendinosis
3. Bursitis
4. Myofascial pain syndrome
5. Carpal tunnel syndrome
6. Plantar fasciitis
7. Frozen shoulder
8. IT band syndrome
9. Runner’s knee
10. Chronic neck and back pain

IASTM can be performed by trained healthcare professionals, including physical therapists, chiropractors, and sports medicine practitioners. The technique should not be performed by untrained individuals or used on open wounds or infected skin.

In conclusion, IASTM tools are effective and safe tools used to promote tissue regeneration, reduce pain, and improve mobility. The technique involves applying controlled microtrauma to the soft tissues, which stimulates the body’s natural healing processes. By breaking down adhesions and scar tissues, IASTM tools can improve the range of motion, reduce pain, and accelerate the healing process. IASTM is a non-invasive and quick technique that can be used to treat a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions. If you’re iastm tools struggling with chronic pain or limited mobility, talk to your healthcare provider to see if IASTM is right for you.